Study Questions for The British Atlantic World (1607-1750)

(From your professor)

The Declaration of the Gentlemen

  1. From the textbook and this source, how would you describe the "Glorious Revolution"? What did it mean for England, Englishmen, and English colonists in particular?
  2. How did this group of English colonists feel about it? Based on their reaction in this declaration, how did they seem to view themselves in relationship to the mother country? Did they feel like Englishmen or did they feel somewhat apart, as colonists? Why would you say so?

John Locke

  1. Locke sheds light on emerging English civic and economic values that will have lasting impact on the civic culture of Britain's North American colonies, building upon older English documents like the Magna Carta of 1215 (which established noblemen's - and by extension, all free Englishmen's - right of standing against the Crown). What, according to Locke, are "fundamental rights"? What specific rights does he include in this group, and why?
  2. Besides English tradition, upon what authority does Locke base these liberties?
  3. According to Locke, what is the main purpose of government? If government does not fulfill this purpose, what do the people have the natural right to do? Does he feel that a government have to be a democracy, or any specific type of government, to be legitimate?
  4. How does the Glorious Revolution seem to match up culturally with these values?
  5. How do the fundamental rights described by Locke compare to the famous liberties enshrined later on in Jefferson's Declaration of Independence? Where do you think Jefferson got these ideas?